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Next AIA-Orange County Society Lecture

Sunday, January 8, 2017, 2:00-4:00 PM

Inca Conquest and Local Mortuary Practice in the Mid-Chincha Valley, Peru: New Chronological Perspectives

Concordia University.

Ms. Jacob Bongers

Ph.,D. Candidate

2016 AIA-OC Grant Recipient

Mr. Bongers will describe his past summer’s results. His work in the Chincha Valley of Peru investigated how and to what degree Incan imperial control changed the customs of the conquered people.

Mr. Bongers' Project Summary:

My dissertation research addresses empires and their approaches to local religious ideologies. The project, representing the last phase of my dissertation research, studies local funerary space from before and after the formation of the Inca Empire in the 15th century, one of the most tumultuous periods in Andean prehistory. It takes a diachronic approach to evaluate whether and how local funerary architecture and cemetery layout changed from the Late Intermediate Period or LIP (AD 1000 – 1476) to the Late Horizon (AD 1476 – 1532) in the mid-Chincha Valley, Peru.

Ethnohistorical documents state that a complex, centralized state known as the Chincha Kingdom dominated the Chincha Valley from the LIP until the Late Horizon, when the Inca conquered the Chincha. Data from three years of previously conducted fieldwork (2013-2015) in the mid-Chincha Valley demonstrated over 500 well-preserved graves. There are two grave types, above-ground and semi-subterranean chullpas and subterranean cists, that differ in terms of architecture and treatment of the dead. Existing radiocarbon dates indicate that at least one cist is pre-Inca and one chullpa is Inca in date.

Thr project employs architectural recording, geospatial mapping, and 3D modeling to gather more precise data on the funerary architecture and layouts of 15 cemeteries, from which I have already collected radiocarbon samples. Funding from the AIA supports AMS radiocarbon analyses of 8 samples from 4 of these cemeteries. This study synthesizes and compares architectural, geospatial, and radiocarbon data to determine the extent to which the Inca modified local funerary space after conquest. This project will make a theoretical contribution by considering a provincial, funerary perspective on the impact of empires on local religious ideologies.

Additional Information for Lectures at Concordia University ...

Refreshments will be served after the meeting.

Members - Free (members may also bring a guest free of charge)
Non-members - $5 suggested contribution
Students - Free

DeNault Auditorium in Grimm Hall
Concordia University
1530 Concordia West
Irvine, CA

Take Jeffrey Drive south from the San Diego Freeway (I-405)
Jeffrey Drive becomes University Drive south of the 405 Freeway
Turn left at Ridgeline Dr. and go a very short block
Turn right at Concordia East
Pick up a free parking pass at the gate house.

Park in visitor parking opposite Grimm Hall (see campus map)